Ancient Greek History

Ancient greek history
The ancient Greeks from Turkey and lived in many regions around the Mediterranean to the South of France. They had close relations with other peoples, such as the Egyptians, Syrians and Persians. The Greeks lived in separate city-states, but shared the same language and the same beliefs.


Ancient greek history

During the Bronze Age (around 3200-1100 BC), a number of collections were developed in the Cyclades, Crete and the Greek mainland. These communities with different cultures were mostly farmers, but the overseas trade of raw materials, especially obsidian (volcanic glass) and metals, was growing.
Mycenaean culture in the Late Bronze Age, BC Between 1600 and 1100 emerged in the Greek mainland. This name comes from Mycenae (Mycenae), where culture was first recognized in 1876 after Heinrich Schliemann’s excavations, Ancient greek history

Later, the Mycenaean period of the Greek Bronze Age was regarded by the Greeks as Daha the age of heroes isinde, and perhaps constitutes the historical background of many stories (including the epics of Homer) described later in Greek mythology. The objects and works of art belonging to this time are found in mainland Greece and some Greek islands. The original Mycenaean pottery has been extensively distributed to the Eastern Mediterranean. These works point to the early times when Greek mythology was used to decorate works of art. At the same time, as the oldest Greek literature, the epics of Homer belong to about the same time that it has reached the form of our inheritance today.

The collapse of the Mycenaean civilization (around 1100 BC) brought about a period of abstraction known as the Dark Age. But BC. With the increase of trade with around 800 different regions, life began and art, craft and writing reappeared. Also city states (“police”) developed.

Archaic period
The most distinctive forms of the sculpture that emerged during the Archaic period of the Greek art (approximately 600-480 BC) were the statues of young men (kouros) and girls (korea).
Kouros is a term used to describe a sculpture of a male figure made of marble in the Archaic period of Greek art. Such sculptures can be colossal (larger than real sizes) or small in size.

They all have a traditional pose that is seen as common: the head and body that can be separated evenly with a central line, the legs divided by weight, evenly placed forward and backward. The male figures, mostly in the form of naked young men, served both as tombstones and as voters. When they were sacrificed, these statues could be made to depict the devotee. The female figures performed similar functions, but unlike their male counterparts, they were described in detail with their clothes and in detail.

The mouth is always smiling, which is probably a symbolic expression of the attribution of the represented person (“perfection, virtue”). Previously, all kouros were thought to be designed as a representation of God Apollo. Although some were designed as representations of gods or heroes, many of them only carried tombs. Kouros was not designed as a realistic portrait of the dead; it was an idealized representation of the values ​​and virtues (eg youth and beauty, athleticism, and aristocratic stance) on which the deceased claimed.

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